August 26, 2003
HAMBALI'S ARREST: 'MAJOR VICTORY' DOES NOT
ELIMINATE TERRORIST THREAT
** Hambali's arrest is a
"major victory" in the war on terror.
** The seizure weakens, but
does not destroy, Jemaah Islamiyah and al-Qaida.
cooperation is "vital" to continued success against terrorism.
** Southeast Asian analysts
criticize the U.S refusal to extradite Hambali.
The arrest of 'the Usama Bin Laden of the Far East' is a
'breakthrough'-- Commentators worldwide
celebrated the arrest of Hambali, Jemaah Islamiyah's operations chief and the
likely mastermind of the Bali and Jakarta bombings. London's influential, center-right Times
billed his capture the most significant "counter-terrorism coup" since
the detention of September 11 planner Khalid Sheikh Muhammad. Australian, Malaysian and Thai journals
dubbed it a "significant" victory over Hambali's
"well-organized" terrorist network.
The war against terrorism is 'far from over'-- The arrest of the "critical link"
between Jemaah Islamiyah and al-Qaida is a "psychological blow"
against terror's "mystique of invincibility." Indonesia's leading independent Kompas
waxed optimistic that this success would open the way to uncovering terrorist
networks in the region. But writers
cautioned against an "overtriumphant" attitude, noting that "to
take one cog out of a wheel is not to stop it." According to Australia's liberal Sydney
Morning Herald, Hambali's "hydra-headed" network possesses an
"unusual ability" to recover from human losses. Thus, Southeast Asian governments must remain
"vigilantly on guard" to prevent future terrorist activity.
International cooperation was pivotal to nabbing Hambali-- Analysts hailed unprecedented levels of
international cooperation in intelligence gathering and "hard-edged"
police work as the key to apprehending the Jemaah Islamiyah leader. The liberal Melbourne Age observed
that this level of cooperation "was unthinkable even a few years
ago." Skeptics, however, criticized
American dominance of anti-terror operations in the region. Malaysia's government-influenced New
Straights Times pummeled the U.S. for "shoving" cooperation
"down people's throats."
American incarceration fuels a U.S.-Indonesian extradition battle-- Charging the U.S. "self-styled
supercop" with treating South East Asian countries as players
"peripheral to its own interests," regional critics pressed for
Hambali's hand-over to Indonesian authorities.
America "unilaterally detained" the terror leader without
respect for Indonesian law, expressed Jakarta's Muslim-intellectual Republika." A Malaysian writer advised the U.S. to avoid
an "unseemly rush" to punish Hambali.
Thailand's liberal, elite Matichon scolded: "While the U.S.
government usually urges and pressures other nations to respect human rights,
it neglects to do the same."
EDITOR: Andrew Borda
EDITOR'S NOTE: This analysis is based on 24 reports from 7
countries, August 16-24, 2003. Editorial
excerpts from each country are listed from the most recent date.
BRITAIN: "A Dangerous Man"
The influential, center-right Times held
(Internet version 8/16): "The arrest in Thailand of Hambali...is the most
significant international counter-terrorism coup since the capture last March
of al-Qaida's operations chief...Khalid Sheikh Muhammad. Hambali, who worked closely with him, is
al-Qaida's principal operational asset in South-East Asia, implicated in almost
every Islamist terrorist assault from the attack on the USS Cole to the
September 11 atrocities in the US. Above
all, he was crucial to al-Qaida's campaign to radicalize Asian Islamists. Hambali is considered, with good reason, to
be one of the most dangerous recruits to have emerged from Usama Bin Laden's
Afghan terrorist boot camps.... His
fanaticism and operational efficiency were key to the conversion of Jemaah
Islamiyah [JI], Asia's home-grown network of Islamist extremism, from a covert
group of fundamentalist activists to the deadly and increasingly well-organized
terrorist network responsible for the Bali nightclub atrocity, this month's
car-bombing of the Marriott in Jakarta, and other attacks planned or executed
right across the region, from Singapore to Manila.... Hambali's value to American and Asian
interrogators relates to the future quite as much as to the past. He has intimate, high-level knowledge of the
workings of al-Qaida and much to tell, if he talks, about the escalating menace
of Jemaah Islamiyah. He may be the only man who knows the full story behind the
Bali bombings. But the hope is that his capture, avenged though it will almost
certainly be by terrorist bombers, may help to avert a much more ambitious
attack, not necessarily in Asia, which is thought to be in the active planning
stage.... With his arrest, Asians can
sleep a little easier--but only if their governments stay vigilantly on
AUSTRALIA: "Big Wins In The War On Terror”
The conservative Australian stated (8/16): “One down, many
more now to come.... Reports that
Hambali was taken while planning an attack on the APEC meeting scheduled for
October in Thailand demonstrate how dangerous he is. His arrest does not mean JI is no longer a
threat but it does reduce its operational capacity and other arrests will now
likely follow. That Hambali was taken by
U.S. agents and with the co-operation of the Thai and Indonesian governments
demonstrates that great things are being achieved in the war against terror in
Southeast Asia.... Hambali's detention
in particular is a big win, demonstrating that the international alliance
fighting terror is moving in the right direction.”
“The Capture Of Hambali”
The liberal Sydney Morning Herald held (8/16): “Terrorist
organizations, hydra-headed, are not easily destroyed. And usually it is not heads that are cut off,
but limbs, which easily grow again. The
capture, then, of Riduan Isamuddin, known as Hambali, is a significant victory
in the war against terrorism.... While
the war on terrorism must be fought on many fronts, Hambali's case shows how
vital and immediate is the need for continuing hard-edged police work. Hambali was arrested at Ayutthaya, the former
royal capital of Thailand. If he was
indeed there planning an attack to take place during the next Asia-Pacific
Economic Co-operation meeting in October--when heads of government from the
U.S. and Asia would be present--his capture is more than a reason for
satisfaction at police work well done.
It could mean Hambali's capture has averted a terrorist attack of
“Hambali’s Capture Is Part Of A Wider Fight”
The liberal Melbourne Age observed (8/16): “Hambali's
detention...demonstrates a level of international co-operation that would have
been unthinkable even a few years ago.
That co-operation has been imperfect, but the intent of the coalition
has been genuine and resolute. These
latest arrests illustrate quite clearly that the 'war on terrorism' is not a
conventional conflict and that intelligence gathering and intelligence
co-operation is vital if terrorism is to be defeated. The fight against the wanton and senseless
violence of terrorism dressed up as religious or political warfare is far from
over. The challenge for all of us is to
understand that this battle is a long-term one with victory still a long way
off. Nevertheless, Hambali's capture is
very good news indeed.”
INDONESIA: “Demands of Islamic Leaders”
Muslim-intellectual Republika remarked
(8/25): “The Hambali mystery is unveiled yet.
Muslim leaders are urging the government to explain openly who Hambali
actually is, the terrorist key suspect...the U.S. believes is a liaison between
Jemaah Islamiyah and al-Qaida. The
Muslim communities find it necessary that the Hambali issue be unveiled clearly
by trying him in Indonesia. In a fair
and just trial, we would then be able to find out who actually Hambali is,
whether the charges against him are true or whether he is part of an
international conspiracy to corner Islam....
The demands by the Muslim leaders that Hambali be tried in Indonesia
only aim to make it clear who is the mastermind of the terrorist actions. Therefore, a sovereign country must not just
bow to the desire of the U.S. that has unilaterally detained Hambali without
respecting Indonesian law.”
“Reprimand On Money Laundering”
Independent Tempo articulated (8/24):
“[Ambassador] Boyce’s pressure against Indonesia should be read as a sign that
the U.S. is worried that the illegal money entering Indonesia could be used to
finance terrorism. Indonesia can no
longer make excuses because, in addition to Bali and Marriott, there have been
other bombings the world community noticed and intelligence bodies of many
"Once More, Interoffice Coordination"
Protestant Jakarta Suara Pembaruan
editorialized (8/22): "Interoffice coordination remains something
expensive in this republic. When we want
to participate in the examination of Hambali, accused of perpetrating acts of
terrorism in Indonesia, we feel the lack of interoffice coordination.... Apart from legal niceties like the
citizenship of the accused, and the locations of his crimes--said to extend
from Bali to Medan, Jakarta, Batam, across to the Southern Philippines and even
to cities which are the pride of the U.S.--what is most important for us is to
interrogate the suspect and confirm whether or not he is a perpetrator of
terrorism.... We know that Hambali is an
important suspect behind the acts of terrorism in Indonesia and some other
places. The touch of Hambali's hand is
said to have marked the end of a sense of security for the people of the
world. It is not surprising that
Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia and also the U.S. have since the beginning
declared their wish to arrest and interrogate Hambali, and bring him to
justice. The United States has given the
green light to Indonesian investigators to take part in the examination of
Hambali.... We remind the government,
the people are tired of waiting for the results of investigations into acts of
terrorism. And of waiting to know who
the mastermind is behind all these barbaric acts."
“Is It Necessary to Seek Hambali’s Extradition?”
Leading independent Kompas noted (8/20):
“On the Hambali case, the Indonesian government could as well request the U.S.
extradite Hambali despite the lack of an extradition agreement between the two
countries.... For the Indonesian
government, the question is whether the U.S. feels it necessary to extradite
him. And the next question is whether
the U.S. will be willing to do so.... It
has to be kept in mind that extradition is not a mere legal issue. Extradition can very likely become an
economic or political issue. This is
what would happen if Indonesia asked Hambali’s extradition.... Politically, extradition of Hambali is very
difficult. The escape of Al-Ghozi from
the Philippine jail; the weak law enforcement in Indonesia, and other issues
will be used as the basis for the U.S. to decline the extradition of Hambali.”
“Quarrel On Hambali”
Independent Media Indonesia expressed
(8/20): “The hunt by international police for Hambali ended a success.... The war against terrorism in Indonesia has
become a very tiring issue and even dangerous because it is always linked with
[a certain] religion. Hopefully, we
become more aware that terrorism committed by anybody with any religion is a
universal enemy of humanity. We have to
open our eyes widely that after Bali, Marriott, and New York, terrorists have
no respect for humanity.... The police
in this country, despite all their shortcomings, deserve appreciation for their
work and authority. Otherwise, who else
can we trust in this country for law enforcement? Terrorism is a universal enemy of humanity.
Therefore, support the police in their work to unravel terrorist networks. Stop quarreling about Hambali or anybody the
police arrest in the war against terrorism.”
Mystery of Hambali"
Muslim-intellectual Republika asserted
(8/19): "Hambali's arrest was greeted with glee by many countries. The U.S. government called it an important
victory in the global war against terror....
This is different from what happened in Indonesia. Indonesian officials appeared very careful
about discussing Hambali's arrest in Thailand.
The Indonesian government released the news three days after the event,
on Friday. That was after the U.S. had
made it public--although the Indonesian Chief of Police claimed he had been
informed immediately after the arrest.
Even up to this moment, the Indonesian government is saying it does not
know Hambali's whereabouts in the U.S....
There was a statement that Hambali was not an Indonesian, but a Spanish
citizen. The government's reason was
that he was carrying a Spanish passport when he was arrested. On that basis, the government feels it has no
responsibility to protect Hambali's rights as an Indonesian citizen. This leaves the impression that Indonesian
has handed over the Hambali question fully to the U.S. If that is so, the people should be asking
about this country's sovereignty. and the inability of the government to
safeguard that sovereignty.... It is
reasonable for the people to ask: in these cases of terrorism, who is the Indonesian
government working for?"
“Hearing From Hambali’s Own Mouth”
Independent Koran Tempo stated (8/16):
“Hambali was reported arrested.
President George W. Bush welcomed the news joyfully and stated that the
arrest as “another important victory in the war on terrorism and a strong blow to
enemies”.... Where are the whereabouts
of Hambali now? That is the point...the Indonesian security apparatus seems not
to have adequate information on Hambali’s arrest. If the Indonesian security apparatus, the
Police and Intelligence body were involved in the hunt for Hambali, Indonesia’s
lack of information is impossible.
Therefore, it’s reasonable if we assume that our security apparatus was
not involved intensively in the hunt.
Meanwhile, the U.S.--seeming to hold control of this operation--keeps
its mouth shut on Hambali’s whereabouts....
If he is really Hambali, Indonesia has great interest in finding out his
role in terrorist acts, especially in Indonesia. Hearing directly from Hambali’s mouth may not
be enough, yet an approach in that direction should be sought; not only just
taking materials provided by other parties.”
Arrest Causes Big Sensation”
independent Kompas wrote (8/16): “Hambali’s arrest in Thailand this week
has immediately received broad attention both at the regional and global
level. The uproar was heightened because
Hambali was directly handed over to the U.S....
Whatever the case, Hambali’s arrest was regarded as the peak to a long
manhunt, which involved security apparatus and intelligence from a number of
countries, including the U.S. Maybe, for
that reason, the success of Hambali’s arrest was regarded as one of the
successes in the war against terrorism....
For Indonesians, Hambali is not well known. However, from the reactions of foreign
countries, we see that Hambali is a figure who scared people. Even President Bush identified him as a very
dangerous person.... Although Hambali’s
arrest has relieved us, new anxieties also arise. There is a fear of terrorist attacks as
retaliation to his arrest. Yet people
are impatient to wait for the results of the U.S. interrogation with
Hambali. If the allegation against him
is true, his arrest is expected to open the way to uncovering international
terrorism in Southeast Asia.”
MALAYSIA: "No Room For Complacency As
Terror Lurks In The Region"
The English-language Kuala Lumpur Star
(8/24): "Among the most troubling challenges of the day for South-East
Asia is the terrorist tendency in certain shadowy groups and individuals. To
help find the answers, more light needs to be thrown on them. This means that just as we should not hide
the nature or degree of the difficulty, we should not exaggerate it
either.... Now that something more of
the problem is revealed, the authorities are suspected of underplaying it....
Malaysian society is not hospitable to terrorist acts or sentiments, however
one may wish to take a cross-section of it. Malaysian realities do not
encourage or condone terrorist urges or tendencies. Herein lies another irony: the gentle,
peaceful version of Islam in South-East Asia originated in a then-Malayan
state, the Malacca Sultanate, from which it spread to the Philippines and
Indonesia. Today, it would seem that a
more violent form is trying to spread here from abroad.... Hambali has been caught, but Fathur Rohman
al-Ghozi has escaped. Dr Azahari is still at large, along with Hambali's
associates and several others.... There
is no room for complacency. Much more important work remains to be done. It is
hoped that if countries in this region can cooperate more closely against
terror suspects, they might also cooperate better in other respects.... Terrorist activities are more harmful in this
region than elsewhere because of our greater economic promise, social need and
political stake. Since we can afford to tolerate the excesses of such
troublemakers far less than others, we must make a greater effort to eliminate
"The APEC Summit In Bangkok Will Not Be
Government-controlled Utusan Malaysia
argued (8/19): "The arrest of Jemaah Islamiah [JI] operations chief
Hambali last week proved that terrorists had indeed planned to do something
during the forthcoming APEC summit in Bangkok.... The al-Qaida leader in Southeast Asia was
said to have drawn up several strategies to commit an attack on the
summit. He was said to have visited
several important sites of the summit and obtained details about U.S. interest
in Thailand.... The detention of Hambali
is the greatest success after the U.S. arrested Khalid Shaykh Muhammad, a suspected
planner of the 11 September 2001 attacks....
Hambali is wanted by authorities in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, and
the Philippines. Certainly, his
detention will help settle many cases of terrorist attacks, especially those in
Bali and at the luxurious JW Marriott Hotel in Jakarta early August. Nevertheless, the detention of Hambali has
not ended the threat of terrorism in Southeast Asia."
Government-influenced, English-language New
Straits Times judged (8/19): "It is to be hoped the Hambali
breakthrough does not lead to an American impatience and hastiness to get to
the bottom of his part in and knowledge of Sept 11, which could result in the
postponement of preventive action that has to be quickly taken, and in the slow
unraveling of recent acts of terror in the region in which he is suspected to
be directly involved. The Sept 11
connection will come out and, while it may be history, the information also has
contemporary and preventive relevance.
Therefore, the American interest in the matter cannot be ignored and
must be recognized. However, any
tendency to give an overly American-led transnational edge in the fight against
international terrorism, must be tempered with a sensitivity towards national
sovereign rights, immediate regional terror concerns, even interpersonal
relations. While the commitment is
there, you do not shove co-operation down people's throats by configuring the
front-end fight against terror exactly in your own image. Also, it is to be hoped there will be no
unseemly rush to get custody of Hambali, to send him to Guantanamo or wherever,
to get his just deserts. Where he will
be tried depends on the evidence that is weaned from the interrogation of him
which most clearly links him to a specific act or acts of terror. The Americans have always been impatient,
seeking an early outcome, suspecting others and their due process, certainly
after Sept 11. The outcomes have been to
invite fear, and also hate, breeding more terror. It is important that, even if there are major
differences over how best to comprehensively defeat international terrorism
between the U.S. and the rest of the world, at the front-end of the fight,
where there is commitment and co-operation, which has resulted in this instance
in the significant capture of Hambali in Thailand, there continues to be the
spirit of working together. Let us not screw up."
The government-influenced, English-language New
Straits Times observed (8/18): "The arrest of Hambali bin Mohammed,
born Riduan Isamuddin, in a joint Thai-CIA operation abetted by intelligence
sharing across the region is a breakthrough in the war on terrorism. Dubbed the Usama bin Laden of the Far East,
he was wanted by four countries for crimes ranging from bank robberies to
bombings, as well as abortive schemes to bomb American airliners and US
military targets in Singapore. hat this
point man of al-Qaida and head of Jemaah Islamiyah managed to stay ahead of the
security forces for so long shows that the terror cells linked to him are
difficult to monitor, target and neutralize by employing the traditional tools
of law enforcement range. This is the lesson learned from the long search for
Hambali--that innovative methods must be acquired to hunt for the ready-to-die
members of the organisation. We must not
be overly triumphant over Hambali's arrest.
For one thing, both al-Qaida and its Southeast Asian offshoot, JI, have
an unusual capacity to withstand sustained human losses and material
SINGAPORE: "Hambali, At Last"
The English-language, pro-government Straights
Times editorialized (8/16): "The reported capture of Hambali is one of
the best things to have happened on the counter-terrorism front in a long
while. He was a critical link between
Jemaah Islamiah [JI], whose operational leader he was, and Al-Qaida, on whose
military committee he sat, the only non-Arab to do so. Crippling that link is a blow against a
network that thrives on its international links.... Hambali was the invisible face of Muslim
militancy. Unlike radicals whose faces
and voices were well-known because of their use of the media, Riduan Isamuddin
reveled in anonymity as he worked to lay the basis of a caliphate in South-east
Asia by destroying the existing infrastructure and prospects of the
region. His capture strikes a
psychological blow against the mystique of invincibility in which fanatics and
extremists clothe themselves....
However, to take one cog out of a wheel is not to stop it. An organisation as structured as the JI, with
dedicated and disciplined members who are ready to die as much as to kill,
cannot be crippled by the capture of one man, no matter how central he was to
its operations. There is, therefore, no
doubt that it will continue to be a threat....
Reports on Hambali's capture suggest that it was the result of extensive
international cooperation.... Whatever
the specifics, the larger picture for countries is: Cooperate or suffer. Governments, in South-east Asia and beyond,
need to keep up the intelligence-gathering and -sharing that led to the
spectacular success with Hambali.... The
capture of a man behind a foiled plot to attack Singaporean and foreign targets
here should enable Singaporeans to sleep a little better. But the next Hambali could be plotting the
THAILAND: "Thais Should Help In The War On
The independent, English-language Nation
(8/24): "Over the past couple of weeks, the world has witnessed two major
events involving terrorism. On Tuesday,
the United Nations offices in Iraq were devastated by a 450-kg truck bomb,
killing at least 24 officials, including Sergio Vieira de Mello, the UN special
representative. A week before, Hambali, dubbed Asia's most wanted man for his
alleged role in terrorism in Indonesia, was arrested in Ayutthaya following
months of multi-national efforts. In the
Hambali case, it is obvious the global war on terrorism is already in our own
backyard. Times have changed, and it's
about time we caught up with them."
Bangkok's elite, liberal Matichon
commented (8/21): "As to be expected, the U.S. government faces skepticism
in the issue involving Hambali.... While
the US government usually urges and pressures other countries to respect human
rights, it neglects to do the same. This
is evident in the case of Hambali, whom the US government has taken into
custody without allowing him the right to trial in court. Its action constitutes breach of
international protocol and could influence other countries to do the same by
citing the US example as justification.
Another inappropriate US action has to do with the way it took Hambali
from Thailand without following international protocol, which has elicited
criticism against both the Thai and U.S. governments.... The Thai government should have extradited
him to Indonesia first."
“Thailand Has Taken Sides”
Nitibhum Nawarat wrote in top-circulation Thai Rath (8/20),
“We should be cautious against the U.S.’ drawing us into the terrorism
labyrinth.... I understand the Thai
government has tried its best to keep the Hambali arrest a secret. Those who disclosed the story to the
international media were U.S. government officials. Why?
Because they wanted to incite terrorists’ hatred of Thailand and the
Thai government. This one time
disclosure by the U.S. government has immediately thrown Thailand into the U.S.
and the west’s anti-terrorism camp....
The fact that people in the government are singing the Prime Minister’s
praises, declaring that even President George Bush made an overseas phone call
to him...has made the situation even worse.
Terrorists will put Thailand and the Thai government on its list of
“A Long Way To Go In War On Terror”
Top-circulation, moderately conservative, English language Bangkok
Post professed (8/18): "Still, it is difficult to over-estimate the
importance of the fall of Hambali. He
may be replaced as JI operations planner, but his ‘skills’ are unique and
neither his cunning nor his ruthlessness can be taught. The Ayutthaya operation is also a devastating
blow to the morale of terrorists, coming so soon after the Jakarta
bombing. One must note that Hambali
found no help and no sympathy from any community.... One more reason to feel optimistic as the war
[against terrorism] continues is the excellent international cooperation in the
Hambali arrest. Indonesia and Malaysia
have said publicly they provided manpower and information. American and Thai agents made the actual raid
and arrest. This is a strong indication
that behind the government front of near nonchalance, strong and serious action
has been taking place.”
"Arrest Harsh Blow For al-Qaida, JI"
Top-circulation, moderately conservative,
English-language Bangkok Post commented (8/18): "The capture of
Indonesian terrorist kingpin Riduan Isamuddin has wounded the worldwide
capabilities of al-Qaida as well as the Jemaah Islamiyah regional
group.... But Hambali, as he is better
known, is only a cog in the well-organized terror groups formed during the past
“A Clear And Present Danger To Liberties”
Independent, English language The Nation contended (8/16):
"The arrest of the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) terrorist group’s number-two
leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, was a major victory in Asia’s
fight against international terrorism.
The Thaksin administration should be commended for its success in
tracking down Hambali and other JI operatives that have reportedly been using
Thailand as a safe haven to plot campaigns of terror in other Southeast Asian
countries and throughout the world. The significance
of this arrest in the global war against terrorism cannot be emphasized
enough.... Weeding out terrorist cells,
which tend to conceal themselves among Muslim communities in different parts of
the country, will be a major challenge to Thai security agencies. Any consequent crackdown on terrorist
suspects which calls for drastic action must be conducted in a delicate manner
to avoid alienating innocent Thai Muslims....
The timing of Hambali’s arrest appeared to coincide with the Thaksin
government’s controversial enactment of executive decrees on terrorism. These have been criticized as
unconstitutional and unwarranted by human rights advocates who fear that civil
liberties could be compromised in the name of the war on terrorism.... The Thaksin administration must be reminded
that security at the expense of freedom is not an acceptable option for the
Thai people. After all, the true essence
of the war against terror is freedom of fear--and freedom without compromise on
INDIA: "Cooperating Against Terror"
The centrist Hindu commented (8/23): “Riduan Isamuddin, the
Indonesian better known as Hambali, is at the center of a diplomatic battle of
wits that Jakarta is waging with Washington.
On the surface, the issue at stake is quite simple: a demand by Jakarta
for "a quick access" to Hambali, who is in American custody as a
terrorist-suspect. However, the
collateral implications of this demand run deep and, in fact, impinge on
Washington's undisguised agenda as a self-styled supercop in the ‘global war
against terrorism’.... What upset
Indonesia is that one of its own nationals has been dealt with, virtually
behind its back, by two other countries, one of which is a fellow-member of the
ASEAN.... In a sense, Jakarta's claims
of jurisdiction over Hambali go beyond his identity as an Indonesian national. He is wanted in connection with the Bali
outrage.... In Indonesia's view, the
absence of a bilateral extradition treaty with the U.S. should not be an
insurmountable problem. In comparison,
the U.S. is eager to make the most of Hambali's capture, given his suspected
connections with an alleged accomplice of the hijacker-terrorists who was
caught in Pakistan some time ago....
Indonesia's diplomatic tussle with the U.S. in this case brings into
sharp focus how Washington tends to treat the South East Asian countries as
either junior partners in or as players peripheral to its own 'interests' in
the ongoing ‘multilateral war on terrorism’....
In East Asia, the general perception of terrorism corresponds to Paul
Wilkinson's definition about the ‘systematic use of coercive intimidation’ and
also ‘violence’ usually in pursuit of ‘political ends.’